Ingrown Toenail is a common nail disease or we can say one of the major foot problem spreading all over North America including United States massively. It is a condition where the toe nail grows sideways and cuts into the sides of the nail bed. The ingrown toenail condition usually occurs due to the penetration of nail sliver in to the flesh. Although ingrown nails can appear on both hands and feet, it is most common with the big toe nail. Ingrown toe nail condition is painful and may cause redness and swelling. If left untreated it may lead to toe infections.
Causes of Ingrown toenails
One of the main reasons for the occurrence of Onychocryptosis is bad footwear. Shoes that do not have adequate toe-box room or shoes that are too tight around the toe area cause nails to grow inwards. Tight stockings or ballet shoes that cause pressure on the sides and top of the toes lead to ingrown nail conditions. Another reason for Onychocryptosis is improper pedicures and manicures. If nails aren’t cute straight across and left rounded at the ends, they grow up to penetrate into the surrounding flesh.
Treatment of Ingrown toenails (Useful Steps)
In mild cases ingrown toe nails can be treated with simple medications and home remedies like warm water and salt bath. Nails can be soaked in warm salt water for 15 minutes daily to soften the nail. However, if the condition is severe there is no medication or home remedy to cure ingrown toe nail condition. Ingrown toenail surgery is the only effective ingrown toenail treatment.
Ingrown toenail removal is the only way to alleviate the problem. The initial approach to ingrown toenail treatment is called wedge resection. It is a process where a part of the nail that has dug into skin will be removed by performing an onychectomy. The whole nail will also be removed if the infection is serious. This is a simple 30 minute process that can be performed at the physician’s office. In some cases, even after the surgery the ingrown nail condition re-appears. Another invasive surgery might be needed to put an end to this problem. In this step of Ingrown toenail surgery, the nail bed will be destroyed to prevent further growth of nails. This process will take longer than the minor wedge resection process and will also need stitches.
Although Ingrown toenail surgery sounds like a complicated process, patients can immediately go home and get back to their routines. Doctors will prescribe pain killers and antibiotics to help the healing process. Ingrown toenail is a painful condition and will lead to unnecessary health problems if left untreated. Especially in elderly patients and people with diabetes, ingrown toenails cause greater complications. So it is always better to opt for Ingrown toenail surgery to prevent further health risks.
Preventing the Ingrown toenail condition
Ingrown toenail condition is common in USA, Canada and Australia, as people living in these areas wear shoes most of the time. The condition can be prevented with proper hygiene and good foot wear. Shoes must not be too tight around the toe and socks must be dry and clean. Sterilized tools must be used for manicures and pedicures. Nails must never be cut too short and should never be rounded at the edges. It is healthy to cut nails straight across with proper cutting tools.