Toenail fungus technically known as Onychomycosis, is the most common disease of the nails. The infection may occur in one or more nails beginning as a white or yellow spot under the tip of the nail. As the fungus spreads, it causes nail discoloration and thickening. If the infection deepens, the nail becomes brittle and comes away completely from the toe. If untreated, the skin inflames and becomes painful. Fungal infections are usually seen in adults, and mostly occur in toe nails than on fingernails. Infections are caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes that does not require sunlight for survival.
Treatment of Toenail fungus:
Toenail fungus treatment is not easy as it occurs under the nail, the area that is not easy to reach. Creams and ointments usually don’t help much in the treatment of toenail fungus. Prescribed medicines that are to be taken orally may help in this case. Doctors generally prescribe medicines like flucanazole or Itraconazole to treat this condition. Research has shows that fungi are sensitive to heat (40–60 °C); hence Laser is an effective Toenail fungus treatment as heat is applied on the nail bed and disrupts the growth of fungi.
A picture showing how to treat toenail fungus (Foot problem)
Home Remedies (Easy and Useful) :
Common ingredients from the kitchen help in treating various ailments. The following are effective home remedies that can stop and cure toe nail infections.
White Vinegar: Washing the nail with little vinegar after shower gets rid of the fungi that’s beginning to form on the nail
Tea tree oil: With its antiseptic and fungicide properties, tea tree oil is one of the best Toenail fungus cure. It has to be applied with a cotton ball on the infected area.
Baking soda is an easy inexpensive toenail fungus cure. The infected are has to be soaked in a mixture of baking soda and hot water (1:4) for ten minutes to kill the fungi gradually
Garlic: Allicin present in garlic contains antifungal properties. Fresh garlic has to rubbed on the infected area or garlic paste can be mixed with white vinegar and applied on the nail
Lemon Juice: The citric acid in lemon juice stops the fungi from spreading further and slowly cures the infected area.
Lavender oil: Warm lavender oil can be applied to the affected nail to soothe pain and irritation. This will also inhibit the growth of fungi
Prevention of Toenail Fungus:
Good health and hygienic lifestyle prevents the occurrence of toenail fungus. The following precautions will help in preventing nails from fungal infection:
Trimming the nails regularly and keeping them (finger nails and toe nails) clean and dry
Trimming the nails straight across rather than rounding them at the edges
Avoid sharing manicure and pedicure tools with others
Using sterilized tools for manicure and pedicure
Wearing clean socks made of good fabric that get rid of moisture and sweat
Avoid wearing tight foot wear all the time.
Avoid going to public places barefoot
It is good to use shower sandals while using public pools and showers.
An ingrown toenail is a serious problem that should be consider, it causes heavy pain and injury to our toe part that is a big problem and we should be conscious about it. In order to get rid of it we should take some steps and measures how to prevent it and stay away from it. Here we will discuss that what should we do and what we need to prevent ingrown toenail.
WHAT YOU NEED:
i) A bowl
ii) Bactericidal (eg betaisodona) solution
iii) Nail clippers, best a corner clamp
v) A Nagelfalztamponade (retail foot care or pharmacy)
vi) Bactericidal, fungicidal and virucidal ointment
vii) Plaster or dressing
An ingrown nail diagram structure description.
Where your ingrown nail is:
Often a ingrown toenail is caused by incorrectly cut toenails. This can also be done already in childhood. Thus it may be that even in adulthood always grow your toenails. But this problem can resolve only an expert, so a podiatrist because the nail has to be completely cut out to be formatted again.
An ingrown toenail may also be caused by tight shoes are. At tight shoes exert tremendous pressure on the nail edges and run so easily ingrown toenails. But here you can not even provide relief and cut out the ingrown nail carefully.
How to proceed in person affected toenail
Lie down before you start, all the equipment ready, so you do not have to get up in between to get your nail tool, since your ingrown toenail is certainly very sensitive to pain.
Your nail clippers should be clean and free of old nail remains. Disinfect your pliers therefore previously with an appropriate disinfectant or clean it with alcohol. Also wash your hands thoroughly with soap.
Now bathe your aching feet with the ingrown toenail for 10 minutes in a bowl of warm water and a dash of bactericidal solution (from the pharmacy). This means that your ingrown toenail is disinfected and you will be protected from major inflammation.
Dry the feet thoroughly afterwards, especially between the toes.
Now take the corner pliers on hand and cut as much as possible of the ingrown nail at the side, lengthwise out. This can be very painful. Do not keep it out, seek a doctor or podiatrist to remove the ingrown piece of nail.
Enter a small piece of something Nageltamponade bactericidal ointment (betaisodona) and plug it into the vacated space between the nail and cuticles in the nail fold. To do this, maybe take a pair of tweezers to help.
Then enter to the injured nail at first a patch or a small bandage. Let However, if it is possible to heal the toenail in the air.
What you should know and do in addition
Some people may not tolerate the ingredients of the above presented bactericidal ointment. But there are also ointments with other drugs that you may better tolerated and are also available over the counter.
If you do not trust yourself to cut your ingrown toenail yourself, look better on a chiropodist, podiatrist or your family doctor. This also applies if there has already formed a purulent inflammation of the nail bed.
Avoid select a size to tight shoes, prefer your shoes. Put even at close to nail a compress spaces between your toes.
Cut to the future treatment of your nails as straight as possible, without cutting out the corners. The cut nail must run flush with the nail bale bale to protect your nail to the nail tip. Therefore, never cut your nails too short.
If the ingrown toenail, it is called an “Unguis incarnatus”. The problem is usually located at the toe, relatively frequently, occasionally stubborn, depending on the stage and also very painful. What can you do about an ingrown toenail and thus the pain.
WHAT YOU NEED:
i) Hot water
iii) Antiseptic ointment
A picture of an ingrown toenail pain relief method.
First Aid – If the toenail pushes:
An ingrown toenail occurs when the nail edge pressed into the lateral nail wall. By pressure and irritation of the nail wall there is an overgrowth of the nail with tissue, called granulation tissue, which is colloquially referred to as “wild meat”.
Do you feel the side of the nail wall discomfort, especially if you pressed here, that may be the prelude to an ingrown toenail. Start immediately with soap several times a day through out bathrooms, best soap, 15 to 20 minutes. Apart from the cleansing of the bath leads to a softening of the nail wall, which ease pressure and pain.
After the bath, you should use a disinfectant containing iodine ointment, Are not agreed so-called train or abscess ointments.
In the early stages, you can pull the nail from the nail bed by foist a toe side. The nail gets by on nail wall for more space and the pain can be spontaneous.
If you do this with the cotton hinbekommen not, the side lifting can be carried out with a patch on the nail brace made of plastic or thin wire. However, you need the help of a podiatrist.
If you want to support with your pain medication pain relief measures in addition, it makes sense to take one with the same anti-inflammatory and decongestant effect, for example ibuprofen ® 400 Tablets (prescription).
Professional help, you will not come around if the ingrown toenail has led to the formation of granulation tissue and a purulent inflammation. Then a little bit of the lateral edge of the nail must be cut away usually. Since the toe needs to be a local anesthetic, you should consult a surgeon immediately.