An Ingrown Toenail occurs when a sharp nail spike cuts into the skin along the margin of the nail (called as nail bed ), this causes pain.
Some of the ingrown toenails are long lasting, which cause pain and infection in regular intervals.
It is possible that pain can be there without any infection. The signs of infection are: swelling and redness of the affected area around the nail, increase in warmth of the affected area, release of pus or drainage of water like blood tinged fluid.
Ingrown Toenail causes:
1. Improper Trimming of Toenail: The most common reason is the improper trimming of the toenail due to which some sharp nail spikes are left, which gradually cut into the skin resulting in ingrown toenail.
2. Tight Footwear: Wearing tight footwear which put pressure on the toes
3. Tight Socks: Wearing tight socks which squeeze the toes together
4. Many times it is caused due to the abnormal nail plate shape
5. Other toenail deformations, for example: thick nail plate
6. Any kind of stress or trauma on the toe or nail plate
Ingrown Toenail can result into various complications:
1. If there is infection then it can spread to the foot and leg, or the infection can spread into the bloodstream
2. Infection can further cause the loss of nail plate
3. Ingrown toenail can result in Nail bed inflammation
4. Chronic ingrown nails can result into deformation of the nail plate which may include bordering tissues
5. Ingrown Toenail may lead to the formation of a small tumor (know as granuloma) along the nail margin.
6. Patients of Diabetes and people with poor ciculation of blood to their feet should never try to treat an ingrown toenail at home themseleves, as this may lead to further complications. Such people should get an appointment with their Podiatrist/Chiropodist and consult with them.
Nail Avulsion due to Ingrown Toenail – Everything you need to know
-Treatment of ingrown toenails may lead to total or partial nail avulsion.
Some ingrown toenails can be treated by anesthetizing the toe using an anesthetic agent and then removing the piece of nail causing trouble. This simple anesthetic procedure is painless and the disconfort after the procedure is minimal. The time taken by the wound to heal is about 4 to 6 weeks.
In most of the cases Oftenly the treated ingrown toenails will never reoccur.
Whereas corrective surgery is required in the case of chronic ingrown toenails which cause repeated infection and irritation, surgery is needed to get rid off the recurring problem. The surgery may involve removal of a part of nail or removal of whole nail.