Foot pain – Flat feet
(Care, Treatment and Prevention)
The flat foot or fallen arches , is next to the splayed , one of the most common foot problems. Especially the longitudinal arch of the foot is in this case strongly flattened, so that the foot rests nearly completely when walking on the floor. Most of flatfoot is innate, but can also occur through orthopedic throughout life.
Many children are already with a flat tire to the world. Since the puncture, or technically accurate fallen arches , mainly in children occurs, a pediatrician or an orthopedic specialist recognize the predisposition to early on. Other victims who suffer from this deformity individual foot bones, this abnormality have suffered in the course of life.
The foot is flat on the bottom floor, where the victims are. The arch, which normally has a hollow shape, the puncture does not or hardly exist, so that the foot can be pressed and the normal static bulge from the bale of the front foot to the heel down missing. The complaint images which show up when flatfoot is a concomitant flatfoot, a change of the edge of the foot in the form of an inclined position and painful symptoms that show up on your feet even, in the calves and the other elements of movement into the back inside.
Causes of flatfoot
A so-called congenital flatfoot usually occurs in conjunction with other malformations of the bony areas and can have genetic causes. The acquired flatfoot has many causes, including too high body weight as well as an unfavorable shoes belong. Moreover, there are abnormalities in flatfoot not only in the bone changes, but also in insufficient stability and performance of so-called attachment apparatus.
This particularly pronounced inadequate and affected tendons, muscles and bathrooms which a normal arch can not be maintained. In addition, provide a sedentary posture, prolonged standing, lack of exercise and an extremely reduced running of children without shoes, with, for example in sand cause a flat tire can be caused by small stress of holding units.
Further suitable causes of diseases such as puncture rickets , polio and diseases of the neurological and rheumatic area in question.
A flatfoot develops in the case of acquired puncture from each of the retention elements, which are originally developed for the support, stability and maintenance of the normal anatomical arch responsible and inadequate. This results in that the voltage in these segments decreases and the arch of the foot is lowered in the course of time, when these parts are not strengthened and claimed.
As a consequence, results in a lack of cushioning effect, so are subject to all of the following and surrounding bones and joints of a continuous compression and this is in pain, or changes in the foot. This manifestation is called buckling flatfoot called and can be treated.
Treatment of flatfoot
The treatment of a puncture or Senkfußes is always possible, and in the ideal case of both a passive and an active treatment. Active treatment is based on a regular healthy stress on the muscles of the feet and deliberately executed physiotherapy. These contribute to the strengthening of the attachment apparatus, and both support a pain-free guarantee as well as a partial regression of the puncture and the associated deformities.
In the passive treatment of a puncture, the orthopaedist uses the possibilities that can be implemented by appropriate footwear to realize an artificial stabilization of the foot arch. This therapy usually involves wearing orthopedic insoles. Some sufferers who complain surviving the disease as a result from a massive flatfoot with pain to the back inside, are treated by surgical methods. This is usually taken only from the age into consideration and shows good results.